The inhabitants of the District speak different  languages. The predominant  communities   found  in   this   area are the   Kapus, Lingayaths, Okkaligas, Baliya Chetties, Oddars and Scheduled Castes like Holeyas and  Madigas. 

The weavers of this area mostly belong to Sali Chetties.The Baramahal  area comprising eastern part of the  Dharmapuri  taluk constitutes Telugu  and Tamil speaking communities,  majority of  whom   belong to  Vanniars. The Malayali tribe is inhabited in the Chitheri Hills areas. Among the Scheduled Caste population Adi-Dravidars and Arunthathiars  form major share who scattered throughout the district.